What is a pediment in architecture

What is meant by pediment?

A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in Classical, Neoclassical and Baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the lintel, or entablature, if supported by columns.

Why is a pediment important?

The Pediment Through History The pediment first appeared as a feature in ancient Greek temples. In Greek temples, the pediment not only helped to visually harmonize the geometric shapes of the building, it was actually an important structural element of the roof as well. Greek temples have low-pitched, gabled roofs.

What is the difference between a portico and a pediment?

Pediment or Portico ? A portico is another common architectural feature that is sometimes confused with a pediment . A portico is a covered entry-like a porch that juts out from the building and is supported by columns. The portico is considered to be pedimented if it contains a pediment on its gabled roof.

What is a pediment and a frieze?

Locating the Frieze The pediment is the triangular section, but the entablature is the wide, horizontal section that rests directly on top of the columns. The entablature itself is made up of three sections, with the frieze being the one in the middle. The lowest horizontal beam is the architrave.

How is a pediment formed?

A pediment is a gently sloping erosion surface or plain of low relief formed by running water in arid or semiarid region at the base of a receding mountain front. Typically the fans formed by multiple canyons along a mountain front join to form a continuous fan apron, termed a piedmont or bajada.

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Who named pediment?

Gilbert

What is a broken pediment?

: a pediment frequent in the baroque style having a gap at the apex (as for a statue or vase)

What is a pediment in furniture?

Pediment : Triangular piece just under a pointed roof; a triangular part at the top of the front of a building that supports the roof and is often decorated; triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof; a large triangular structure built over a door or window as a decoration.

What is a frieze in architecture?

Frieze , in Greco-Roman Classical architecture , the middle of the three main divisions of an entablature (section resting on the capital). The frieze is above the architrave and below the cornice (in a position that could be quite difficult to view).

What is the purpose of a portico?

A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. This idea was widely used in ancient Greece and has influenced many cultures, including most Western cultures.

What is another word for Portico?

In this page you can discover 13 synonyms , antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for portico , like: porch, arcade, terrace, covered wall, veranda, patio, atrium, balcony, piazza, verandah and colonnade.

Is Portico a country?

In fact, it’s not a country at all. Puerto Rico doesn’t manage its own foreign trade and diplomacy, and the U.S. generally stops it when the island’s government tries to do so. Immigration is also regulated by the U.S. As a U.S. territory, Puerto Rico is treated like a state under many U.S. laws, but it is not a state.

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Which God does the Parthenon honor?

goddess Athena

What is the main purpose of Frieze?

In the classical architecture of Ancient Greece and Rome, a frieze is a long and narrow sculptural band that runs along the middle of an entablature, used for decorative purposes . It sits on top of the column capitals, in between the architrave on the lowest level and the cornice at the top.

What is the definition of frieze?

frieze • FREEZ • noun. 1 : the part of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice 2 : a sculptured or richly ornamented band (as on a building or piece of furniture) 3 : a band, line, or series suggesting a frieze .