Byzantine architecture, as exemplified by hagia sophia

What are the characteristics of Byzantine architecture?

Their combination of the basilica and symmetrical central-plan (circular or polygonal) religious structures resulted in the characteristic Byzantine Greek-cross-plan church, with a square central mass and four arms of equal length . The most distinctive feature was the domed roof.

Why is Hagia Sophia considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture?

Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and is said to have “changed the history of architecture ”. It remained the world’s largest cathedral for nearly a thousand years, until Seville Cathedral was completed in 1520.

What is the most famous example of Byzantine architecture?

the Hagia Sophia

What is the most dominant characteristic of the Byzantine cathedral of Hagia Sophia?

The Hagia Sophia, whose name means “ holy wisdom ,” is a domed monument originally built as a cathedral in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the sixth century A.D. It contains two floors centered on a giant nave that has a great dome ceiling, along with smaller domes , towering above.

What is the principle of Byzantine?

Byzantine diplomacy concerns the principles , methods, mechanisms, ideals, and techniques that the Byzantine Empire espoused and used in order to negotiate with other states and to promote the goals of its foreign policy.

What are characteristics of Byzantine?

A central feature of Byzantine culture was Orthodox Christianity. Byzantine society was very religious , and it held certain values in high esteem, including a respect for order and traditional hierarchies. Family was at the center of society, and marriage, chastity, and celibacy were celebrated and respected.

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Is the Hagia Sophia the same as the Blue Mosque?

Hagia Sophia Museum is much older than Blue Mosque , HS was built in 537, BM was built in 1616. So seeing an older building sounds more charming to me. Hagia Sophia was used as church, then mosque and now a museum. So you can see historical artifacts from both Eastern Roman Empire and Ottoman Empire.

Who bought Hagia Sophia?

The doge of Venice who led the Fourth Crusade and the 1204 Sack of Constantinople, Enrico Dandolo, was buried in the church. After the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453, it was converted to a mosque by Mehmed the Conqueror.

Which is considered as the epitome of Byzantine architecture?

Hagia Sophia is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture , and for nearly a thousand years it was the world’s largest cathedral. The vast, central basilica has a central large dome supported by two half domes on the eastern and western sides.

What is Byzantine architecture known for?

Byzantine architecture is a style of building that flourished under the rule of Roman Emperor Justinian between A.D. 527 and 565. In addition to extensive use of interior mosaics, its defining characteristic is a heightened dome, the result of the latest sixth- century engineering techniques.

What was the Byzantine church called?

The Byzantine Rite, also known as the Greek Rite or the Rite of Constantinople, identifies the wide range of cultural, liturgical, and canonical practices that developed in the Eastern Orthodox Church of Constantinople.

Who invented the dome?

The geodesic dome was patented by American mathematician, inventor, and architect Buckminster Fuller . Years later, an unusual, 60-atom formation of the element carbon was discovered.

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What makes Hagia Sophia unique?

It is one of the most important Byzantine structures in the world. Hagia Sophia combines a longitudinal basilica and a centralised building in a unique Byzantine way—with a huge 32-metre main dome supported on pendentives (triangular segment of a spherical surface) and two semi-domes.

Who attacked the Byzantine Empire in 1453?

Sultan Mehmed II

What happened to Byzantines after the fall of Constantinople?

After the final fall of Constantinople in 1453, Greece fell into Ottoman hands and was ruled by Ottoman sultans until the early 1800s. Given that Greece was the Byzantine homeland, most stayed on as vassals of their Ottoman rulers. Many Greeks thrived under the new empire, becoming great mariners and traders.