Architecture of the pantheon

What style of architecture is the pantheon?

Архитектура Древнего Рима

Why was the Pantheon built and what is its architectural significance?

The Roman Pantheon was originally built as a temple for all the gods. Pan is Greek for “all” or “every” and theos is Greek for “god” (e.g., theology). Pantheism is a doctrine or religion that worships all gods.

Does the pantheon have arches?

The structure of the Pantheon is comprised of a series of intersecting arches . The arches rest on eight piers which support eight round-headed arches which run through the drum from its inner to its outer face. The dome itself is supported by a series of arches that run horizontally round.

What was the function of the pantheon?


What makes Roman architecture unique?

Roman architecture is famous for its domes, arches, amphitheaters, temples, thermaes (bath houses), atriums, aqueducts, apartments, houses, and for many other factors that made it unique . Art was often carved into the walls of stone buildings depicting battles, and famous Romans .

What is the difference between Parthenon and Pantheon?

They Honor Different Gods While both were built to honor gods, the Parthenon was built to honor Athena and the Pantheon was built to honor all of the Greek gods.

What does the pantheon symbolize?

The name Pantheon comes from the Greek words pan and theon, which mean all and gods, respectively. The Pantheon as it is known today was actually built on the site of another Pantheon that served as a temple for all the Roman gods.

Does it rain in the pantheon?

At the centre of the dome, there is a 9 metre diameter hole, the Oculus. The belief that the Oculus was built so that the rain could not get in is not true, when it rains , it also rains in the Pantheon ; the floor is slightly convex so the water flows away thanks to an effective drainage system.

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Is Pantheon a God?

A pantheon is the particular set of all gods of any individual polytheistic religion, mythology, or tradition.

Why does the pantheon have a hole?

When the Pantheon was built the only source of light was the oculus in the centre of the dome. Obviously being open to the elements means it also rains inside the Pantheon but a gently sloping floor and 22 well-hidden holes help the water to drain away.

Who is buried in the Pantheon?

Since the Renaissance the Pantheon has been used as a tomb. Among those buried there are the painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci , the composer Arcangelo Corelli, and the architect Baldassare Peruzzi . In the 15th century the Pantheon was adorned with paintings: the best-known is the Annunciation by Melozzo da Forlì.

How old is the Roman pantheon?

1,894 c. 126 AD

What statues are in the pantheon?

Ancient sources mention that statues inside the Pantheon included Julius Caesar, Venus , and Mars, as well as Augustus and Agrippa outside it.

How is the Pantheon dome supported?

This wall can be thought of structurally as a series of concrete piers separated at floor level by 8 very large niches equally spaced along the inner perimeter. The thick wall acts much like a buttress in supporting a thrust from the dome . Two granite columns help support the ceiling in the niches.

What made the pantheon an architectural marvel?

For over a century, the Pantheon contained the largest dome in the world. Today, it still remains the largest unsupported dome and one of the most replicated architectural feats. In its center is the famous oculus, or eye, which is the only source of natural light entering the church.