What term refers to a type of architectural structure in which two or more vertical columns support a horizontal beam?
post-and- beam . a structural system that uses two or more uprights or posts to support a horizontal beam (lintel) that spans the space between them. vault. A masonry roof or ceiling constructed on the principle of the arch.
What type of architecture construction is comprised of vertical columns that support horizontal beams?
In architecture , post and lintel (also called prop and lintel or a trabeated system) is a building system where strong horizontal elements are held up by strong vertical elements with large spaces between them.
What are the two most common materials used in post and lintel construction?
It is frequently used over windows and doors, both of which represent vulnerable points in a building’s structure . Lintels are generally used for load-bearing purposes, but they can also be decorative. The most common materials for lintels are timber, steel and concrete.
What are the two basic structural systems of architecture?
In architecture , one of the two basic structural systems , which consists of an interior frame, the skeleton, that supports the more fragile outer covering of the building, the skin. In architecture , the ability of a building material to span horizontal distances without support and without buckling in the middle.
What is a series of arches called?
Arcade, in architecture, a series of arches carried by columns or piers, a passageway between arches and a solid wall, or a covered walkway that provides access to adjacent shops.
What do you call an architect’s drawing?
An architectural drawing or architect’s drawing is a technical drawing of a building (or building project) that falls within the definition of architecture. Today the vast majority of drawings are created using CAD software.
What is a post and lintel construction?
The post-and-lintel system is a simple method of construction involving the use of vertical and horizontal elements. The verticals support the horizontals, creating one storey of a building. Additional verticals can be placed atop the horizontals to create structures with more than one level.
When strong horizontal elements are held up by strong vertical elements with large spaces between them is another term for what structural system?
What are the vertical ridges cut into a column called?
Vertical grooves cut into a column are called Fluting .
What is an example of post and lintel construction?
Stonehenge, an example of early post-and-lintel construction . The lintel must bear loads that rest on it as well as its own load without deforming or breaking. Brick or stone, weak in tensile strength (inelastic and brittle), can provide only a short lintel ; steel can be used for long lintels .
What is a drawback of load bearing construction?
A drawback of load – bearing construction is. the inability to insert large openings, such as windows, in the walls.
Who used post and lintel construction?
What are the 5 types of structures?
Types of structure Solid. Frame. Shell. Membrane. Composite.
What are the 3 types of structures?
There are three basic types of structures : shell structures , frame structures and solid structures .
What are the structural system of architecture?
Basic types of systems include bearing-wall, post-and-lintel, frame, membrane, and suspension. They fall into three major categories: low-rise, high-rise, and long-span.