What is considered light frame construction?
Light – frame construction , System of construction using many small and closely spaced members that can be assembled by nailing. In platform framing , each floor is framed separately, as contrasted with balloon framing , in which the studs (vertical members) extend the full height of the building.
What type is wood frame construction?
A wood-frame building is the only one of the five types of construction that has combustible exterior walls. This is the typical single-family home construction method. These buildings are built with 2 x 4 or 2 x 6 studs and load-bearing walls, wood floor trusses, or wood floor joist and wood roof framing .
What are the 3 types of framing for wood structures?
Studs are vertical wooden members within the walls. Joists are the horizontal wooden beams that support the floors. Rafters are the sloping wooden beams that support the roof. Sheathing are the sheets that are nailed over the studs to connect them securely and form the wall surfaces.
Why are light wood structures enclosed?
This is primarily because of the fire-safety issues with light -frame construction and the limited axial load carrying capacity of light -frame wood members. So, to protect it from fire, all sides of the lumber are typically enclosed in a finish material that is fire-resistant, such as gypsum wall board.
What are the two types of framing?
Framing can be of two types , fixed sized framing and variable sized framing .
What size wood is used for framing?
Light framing lumber is 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 4-inches wide. Structural light framing is 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 2-inches to 4-inches wide. Dimensional lumber and studs are 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 2-inches to 4-inches wide.
What are the 5 types of construction?
Buildings can be categorized into five different types of construction: fire-resistive, non -combustible, ordinary, heavy timber, and wood-framed.
What are the 4 types of construction?
The four major types of construction include residential building, institutional and commercial building , specialized industrial construction, infrastructure and heavy construction. Residential Building. Institutional and Commercial Building . Specialized Industrial Construction. Infrastructure and Heavy Construction.
What is the most common wood used in construction?
Hardwoods are commonly used in the construction of walls, ceilings and floors, while softwoods are often used to make doors, furniture and window frames. Some examples of the most popular hardwoods include oak , maple , mahogany, cherry, walnut, and teak.
What is the most common type of framing?
What is the best wood for framing a house?
Best Wood for Building Oak, which is rare in certain areas of the lower 48, the hardy Western Red cedar, pine and spruce are all wood species that will build a sturdy home. A stud wood type that is favored is the Douglas Fir , known for its structural strength.
What are the types of framing?
There are three principal types of framing for light structures: western, balloon, and braced.