Water well design and construction

How is a water well constructed?

A bored well is constructed using an earth auger, which bores a hole into the earth. The bore hole is then lined — or cased — with masonry, concrete curbing, or casing. A dug well is constructed by excavating or digging a hole, generally several feet in diameter, down to the water table.

How many years does a water well last?

30-50 years

Does a deeper wells mean better water?

Water quality in a deep well usually changes more slowly than in a shallow well . That’s because groundwater does some mixing as it moves through the aquifer. A spill a mile away from your deep well in the Basin and Range aquifer might be substantially diluted with clean aquifer water before it gets to your well .

What is the cost to build a well?

Most well drillers also have a minimum charge, usually around 100ft minimum which at $45 per foot would be $4500. Drilling a water well is a long term investment and most people are reluctant to drill without knowing if they will find water, and if so at what depth.

What are the 3 types of wells?

There are three types of private drinking water wells. Dug/Bored wells are holes in the ground dug by shovel or backhoe. Driven wells are constructed by driving pipe into the ground. Drilled wells are constructed by percussion or rotary-drilling machines.

How deep should a well be for drinking water?

between 10 and 30 feet

Can you drink well water?

Well water may look, taste, and smell differently than water from a city home. It may also create unwanted effects on bathing, housecleaning, and laundry. There are more than 15 million homes with well water in the United States, and it is generally safe to use and consume.

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Should I buy a house with well water?

Should You Buy a House With a Well ? Well water might taste better than city water , but minerals and contamination could affect your health. You also need to consider the costs of maintenance, repairs, testing and a generator.

How do you maintain a well?

Keep hazardous chemicals, such as paint, fertilizer, pesticides and motor oil away from your well . Periodically check the well cover or well cap on top of the casing ( well ) to ensure it is in good repair. Always maintain proper separation between your well and buildings, waste systems, or chemical storage facilities.

What is a good well depth?

The Range. In general, private home wells tend to range from 100 to 500 feet in depth . There are even some wells that go past the 1,000 foot mark. The average well depth in your area will depend on several factors.

Can you drill an existing water well deeper?

Well Deepening: Reentering an existing well and drilling to a deeper reservoir. Well deepening is re- drilling into an already existing well in order to find a deeper more productive reservoir. Sometimes a previously unproductive well can be deepened in order to reach a location with higher flow and temperature.

What depth is considered a deep well?

If the water table is at 50 feet, a deep well might be 100 feet deep . For many wells drilled into the sand and gravel aquifer, the amount of casing—the pipe that lines the well hole—is nearly the same as the depth of the well itself.

How do I find the water table in my area?

How to Find My Water Table Call your local County Extension Office. It may have statistics for the average annual water table level in your area . Look online. Check out the website for your local Water Resources Office. Dig. This is the most reliable way to find the water table level on your land.

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Can you drill a well anywhere?

You probably can drill your own well on your property. You , of course, would have to contact your local building department to see if there are any regulations that must be followed. Some states and cities may still charge you for the water that’s pulled from your land, but that’s a debate for another day.

Can you drill a well yourself?

Drilling a well by hand is a lot of work, but it can be done with the right equipment. Whether you ‘re looking to drill a shallow or deep well , this skill is perfect for those seeking self-reliance. Wells are normally drilled on private land where city or rural water isn’t available.